FAQs – Measurement of Financial Instruments

Can a corporate entity still follow settlement date accounting?

Can a corporate entity still follow settlement date accounting? Since cash method of accounting is not allowed for a corporate entity in India, can a corporate entity following Ind AS still follow settlement date accounting? Is there any conflict here? As per Ind AS 109, a regular way purchase or sale of financial assets shall be recognised, as applicable, using trade date accounting or settlement date accounting. However, the entity should apply the same method consistently for all purchases and sales of financial assets that are classified in the same way as per the accounting standard. Assets that are mandatorily measured at a …
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Transaction not representing the fair value

Transaction not representing the fair value A financial asset or financial liability should be measured at fair value on initial recognition. What if the transaction does not represent the fair value of the financial asset or financial liability? If at initial recognition the transaction value is different from the fair value, then the difference between the fair value at initial recognition and the transaction price is recognised as gain or loss immediately. This is so in the case where the transaction occurs in an active market for an identical asset or liability or based on valuation technique derived from observable market data. In …
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Treatment of transaction costs

Treatment of transaction costs How are the transaction costs treated? Transaction costs incurred while acquiring a financial asset or incurring a financial liability is treated differently depending upon the classification of such financial asset or financial liability. Transaction costs include fees and commission paid to agents (including employees acting as selling agents), advisers, brokers and dealers, levies by regulatory agencies and security exchanges, and transfer taxes and duties. Transaction costs do not include debt premiums or discounts, financing costs or internal administrative or holding costs. For financial assets not measured at fair value through profit or loss, transaction costs are added to the fair …
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What is the concept of effective interest method?

What is the concept of effective interest method? Explain the concept of effective interest method? Effective interest method is a new concept that is introduced through the Ind AS standards. Effective interest rate is relevant not merely for financial instruments, but as a concept running through the entire gamut of the Accounting Standards as per Ind AS. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts through the expected life of the financial asset or financial liability to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset or to the amortised cost of a financial …
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Contractual cash flows & effective interest rate

Contractual cash flows & effective interest rate When contractual cash flows are modified to change in the terms of contract, does the effective interest rate change? When the contractual cash flows of a financial asset are renegotiated or otherwise modified and the renegotiation or modification does not result in the de-recognition of that financial asset an entity shall recalculate the gross carrying amount of the financial asset and shall recognise a modification gain or loss in profit or loss. The gross carrying amount of the financial asset is recalculated as the present value of the renegotiated or modified contractual cash flows …
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Derecognition of a financial asset

Derecognition of a financial asset When should a financial asset be derecognised? An entity shall derecognise financial assets when and only when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial assets expire or it transfers the financial asset which eventually qualifies for derecognition as per the standard. An entity transfers a financial asset if, and only if, it either transfers the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, or retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients. …
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Consequence of not de-recognising an asset after the sale

Consequence of not de-recognising an asset after the sale What is the consequence of not de-recognising an asset even after the sale of such asset? When an entity continues to recognise an asset to the extent of its continuing involvement, the entity also recognises an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the entity has retained. The associated liability is measured in such a way that the net carrying amount of the transferred asset and the associated liability is the amortised cost of the rights and obligations retained …
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