Treatment of collateral value for expected credit losses

How should the value of collateral be treated while measuring expected credit losses?

For the purpose of measuring expected credit losses, the estimate of expected cash shortfalls shall reflect the cash flows expected from collateral and other credit enhancements that are part of the contractual terms and are not recognised separately by the entity. The estimate of expected cash shortfalls on a collateralised financial instrument reflects the amount and timing of cash flows that are expected from foreclosure on the collateral less the costs of obtaining and selling the collateral, irrespective of whether foreclosure is probable (ie, the estimate of expected cash flows considers the probability of a foreclosure and the cash flows that would result from it). Consequently, any cash flows that are expected from the realisation of the collateral beyond the contractual maturity of the contract should be included in this analysis. Any collateral obtained as a result of foreclosure is not recognised as an asset that is separate from the collateralised financial instrument unless it meets the relevant recognition criteria for an asset in this or other Standards.

New impairment methodology

New impairment methodology What is the new impairment methodology? Is this concept entirely new? Yes. The new impairment methodology is completely new and this is the one instance where the accounting bodies on both sides of the Atlantic agreed to disagree. The bone of contention as far as the US GAAP is …
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What are the three stages of impairment loss

What are the three stages of impairment loss What are the three stages during which the impairment loss should be provided? At the first stage, a portion of the expected credit loss is recognised on day one for all financial assets. This is calculated as the present value of cash short falls …
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Impairment model for different categories of financial assets

Impairment model for different categories of financial assets Is the impairment model different for different categories of financial assets? No. Ind AS 109 has a single impairment model that applies to all financial instruments within its scope. As per the previous version of IFRS 9, viz, IAS 39, there were different models …
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Impairment for debt instruments classified as FVOCI

Impairment for debt instruments classified as FVOCI Is impairment testing necessary for debt instruments classified as fair value through other comprehensive income? Debt instruments that are classified as fair value through other comprehensive income are also subjected to impairment test. This is because while the financial asset classified as FVOCI is …
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Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109

Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109 Can an entity provide a loss allowance greater than the impairment loss allowance as per Ind AS 109? Previously entities used to provide for losses on certain financial assets on an ad hoc basis that means several practices which are now prohibited expressly as per …
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Impairment loss allowance on performing assets

Impairment loss allowance on performing assets Should impairment loss allowance be provided on performing assets or standard assets at the time of recognition of such assets? The expected credit loss is required to be applied on day one for all types of financing assets. The expected credit losses are the present …
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Recognition of interest revenue during all three stages

Recognition of interest revenue during all three stages How is interest revenue recognised for a financial asset during all the three stages? Interest revenue is always recognised based on the effective interest rate. The effective interest rate is applied on the opening carrying value of a financial asset. Impairment loss, if …
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Credit adjusted effective interest rate

Credit adjusted effective interest rate What is meant by credit adjusted effective interest rate? The credit adjusted effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the amortised cost of a financial asset that is …
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