Classification of derivative instruments

Classification of derivative instruments

How are derivative instruments classified?

Derivative instruments are a subset of financial instruments. In the definition of financial asset, we have the following phrase, viz, “to exchange financial assets or financial liabilities with another entity under conditions that are potentially favourable to the entity” and in the definition of financial liability “to exchange financial assets or financial liabilities with another entity under conditions that are potentially unfavourable to the entity”. This means that depending upon the net present value (fair value) of the derivative instrument it will either be shown as a financial asset or as a financial liability. As per Ind AS 109, all derivatives are deemed to be held for trading. The fair value changes of the derivative instruments are always recorded in the profit and loss account. Hence, all derivative instruments irrespective of whether it represents a financial asset or a financial liability are classified as FVTPL only. An entity cannot elect to present the changes in fair value of derivatives in OCI as the derivative instruments fall within the definition of assets held for trading as per Ind AS 109.

Ind AS Accounting Standards

Effective Rate of Interest – EIR

What is SPPI test?

Are RBI circulars relevant for ECL computation as per Ind AS 109?

What is a Financial instrument?

Is there a choice to designate as FVTPL?

What are treasury shares and how are these presented

Contract to deal in non-financial item

Can a corporate entity still follow settlement date accounting?

What does Interest represent?

Gains and losses on assets measured at FVOCI

Separately accounting for an embedded derivative

Derecognition of a financial asset

Foreign currency risk in a firm commitment as a fair value hedge

Treatment of transaction costs

Derecognise financial assets/financial liabilities retrospectively

Modification of contractual cash flows

Own use exemption as per the Accounting Standard

Difference between amortised cost & held-to-maturity

Accounting treatment for FVOCI Instruments

What is the concept of effective interest method?

What is a hybrid contract?

First-time adoption while classifying a financial instrument

SPPI test & business model objective test

Current standards for financial instruments as per AS?

Effective interest Rate

Contract is settled through the entity’s own equity instrument

Financial asset categorised as FVOCI

What is an embedded derivative?

Impairment model for different categories of financial assets

Ind ASs relating to financial instruments

FVOCI (equity instruments) and FVOCI (debt instruments)

Contract meant for own use

Reclassification of a financial asset

Debt instrument measured at FVOCI

Change in contractual cash flows

Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109

Ind AS for financial instruments replica of IFRS?

Contractual cash flows & effective interest rate

Long-term financial liability classified as FVTPL

Credit adjusted effective interest rate

Effective rate of interest during the first-time adoption

Consequence of not de-recognising an asset after the sale

Designation of contracts deal a non-financial item on first time adoption

Recognition of financial instruments on first-time adoption

Gains and losses on a financial instrument

Gains and losses from liabilities designated as FVTPL

Measurement categories for financial assets

Difference between time value of money and modified time value of money