Impairment model for different categories of financial assets

Is the impairment model different for different categories of financial assets?

No. Ind AS 109 has a single impairment model that applies to all financial instruments within its scope. As per the previous version of IFRS 9, viz, IAS 39, there were different models for assets classified as held-to-maturity, available-for-sale debt instruments and available for sale equity instruments and equity instruments measured at fair value through profit or loss. Impairment on account of loan commitments and financial guarantee contracts were accounted for under IAS 37.

However, the impairment loss now is aligned with the credit risk on loans and other financial guarantees thereby creating uniformity for accounting purposes as well. As per Ind AS 109, financial assets classified as FVOCI and financial assets classified as at amortised cost are treated in the same way for the purpose of applying the impairment model.

Investments in equity instruments that are measured either at FVTPL or FVOCI are now outside the scope of Ind AS 109. Accordingly, the equity investments are not tested for impairment any longer. The concept of recognising the impairment loss when the equity investments are subject to significant or prolonged decline in their fair value is now not relevant. This has been criticised on the ground that the test of other than temporary impairment (OTTI) is difficult to apply in practice.

New impairment methodology

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What are the three stages of impairment loss

What are the three stages of impairment loss What are the three stages during which the impairment loss should be provided? At the first stage, a portion of the expected credit loss is recognised on day one for all financial assets. This is calculated as the present value of cash short falls …
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Impairment for debt instruments classified as FVOCI

Impairment for debt instruments classified as FVOCI Is impairment testing necessary for debt instruments classified as fair value through other comprehensive income? Debt instruments that are classified as fair value through other comprehensive income are also subjected to impairment test. This is because while the financial asset classified as FVOCI is …
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Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109

Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109 Can an entity provide a loss allowance greater than the impairment loss allowance as per Ind AS 109? Previously entities used to provide for losses on certain financial assets on an ad hoc basis that means several practices which are now prohibited expressly as per …
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Impairment loss allowance on performing assets

Impairment loss allowance on performing assets Should impairment loss allowance be provided on performing assets or standard assets at the time of recognition of such assets? The expected credit loss is required to be applied on day one for all types of financing assets. The expected credit losses are the present …
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Treatment of collateral value for expected credit losses

Treatment of collateral value for expected credit losses How should the value of collateral be treated while measuring expected credit losses? For the purpose of measuring expected credit losses, the estimate of expected cash shortfalls shall reflect the cash flows expected from collateral and other credit enhancements that are part of …
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Recognition of interest revenue during all three stages

Recognition of interest revenue during all three stages How is interest revenue recognised for a financial asset during all the three stages? Interest revenue is always recognised based on the effective interest rate. The effective interest rate is applied on the opening carrying value of a financial asset. Impairment loss, if …
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Credit adjusted effective interest rate

Credit adjusted effective interest rate What is meant by credit adjusted effective interest rate? The credit adjusted effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts the estimated future cash payments or receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the amortised cost of a financial asset that is …
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