Debt instrument measured at FVOCI

Debt instrument measured at FVOCI

For financial assets that are debt instruments measured at FVOCI, both the amortised cost and the fair value of the instrument are relevant. The reason for this is the objective of categorising a debt instrument as FVOCI is that both the contractual cash flows characteristic and the fair value of the instrument are relevant as the asset is held to receive contractual cash flows as well as to buy or sell such assets. For the contractual cash flow characteristic, amortised cost is relevant as the interest revenue would be based on the effective rate calculated at the time of inception of the debt instruments. The fair value of such instruments is also relevant because the entity would want to profit from the sale of such instrument whenever the opportunity for the same exists. As a result of this, the debt instrument should always be shown at the fair value in the balance sheet and for the purpose of recognising interest revenue, the effective interest rate method should be applied to such assets based on the amortised cost. The disclosure requirements for debt instruments measured at FVOCI, specifically requires that the impairment allowance should not be reduced from the fair value nor should it be shown as a deduction from the fair value of the instrument but, instead, should be shown as accumulated loss allowance (OCI) as part of equity. So, in a nutshell, the expected credit losses are not reduced from the carrying amount in the balance sheet and the carrying value remains at fair value only.

  • Interest revenue is calculated based on EIR at the opening amortised cost.
  • Foreign exchange gains and losses on such instruments are recognised in the profit and loss account
  • Impairment gains and losses are recognised in the profit and loss account.
  • The corresponding impairment gain or loss, as the case may be, is shown as part of the accumulated impairment account.
  • When the financial asset is de-recognised, the cumulative gains and losses previously recognised as other comprehensive income is reclassified or recycled from equity to profit or loss as reclassification adjustment including the balance in the accumulated impairment account, if any.

Ind AS Accounting Standards

Effective Rate of Interest – EIR

What is SPPI test?

Are RBI circulars relevant for ECL computation as per Ind AS 109?

What is a Financial instrument?

Is there a choice to designate as FVTPL?

What are treasury shares and how are these presented

Contract to deal in non-financial item

Can a corporate entity still follow settlement date accounting?

What does Interest represent?

Gains and losses on assets measured at FVOCI

Separately accounting for an embedded derivative

Derecognition of a financial asset

Foreign currency risk in a firm commitment as a fair value hedge

Treatment of transaction costs

Derecognise financial assets/financial liabilities retrospectively

Modification of contractual cash flows

Own use exemption as per the Accounting Standard

Difference between amortised cost & held-to-maturity

Accounting treatment for FVOCI Instruments

What is the concept of effective interest method?

What is a hybrid contract?

First-time adoption while classifying a financial instrument

SPPI test & business model objective test

Current standards for financial instruments as per AS?

Effective interest Rate

Contract is settled through the entity’s own equity instrument

Financial asset categorised as FVOCI

What is an embedded derivative?

Impairment model for different categories of financial assets

Ind ASs relating to financial instruments

FVOCI (equity instruments) and FVOCI (debt instruments)

Classification of derivative instruments

Contract meant for own use

Reclassification of a financial asset

Change in contractual cash flows

Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109

Ind AS for financial instruments replica of IFRS?

Contractual cash flows & effective interest rate

Long-term financial liability classified as FVTPL

Credit adjusted effective interest rate

Effective rate of interest during the first-time adoption

Consequence of not de-recognising an asset after the sale

Designation of contracts deal a non-financial item on first time adoption

Recognition of financial instruments on first-time adoption

Gains and losses on a financial instrument

Gains and losses from liabilities designated as FVTPL

Measurement categories for financial assets

Difference between time value of money and modified time value of money