Difference between time value of money and modified time value of money

Time value & modified time value

What is the difference between time value of money and modified time value of money?

Time value of money is the element of interest that provides consideration for only the passage of time. That is, the time value of money element does not provide consideration for other risks or costs associated with holding the financial asset. In order to assess whether the element provides consideration for only the passage of time, an entity applies judgement and considers relevant factors such as the currency in which the financial asset is denominated and the period for which the interest rate is set.

However the time value of money may be imperfect some times. This happens especially when the frequency of the interest rate that is reset periodically does not match the tenor of the interest rate. For example, when three-month LIBOR is used as the interest rate, the interest rate reset should happen every three months. If on the other hand, the interest rate reset happens on a monthly basis, this would result in mismatch between the frequency of the rate reset and the tenor of the instrument.

When such a mismatch occurs, the entity should assess the impact of such mismatch to determine if the contractual cash flows still represent solely payments of principal and interest on the principal amount outstanding. The Standard suggests that where the entity is unable to determine the impact of such mismatch by performing a qualitative assessment, the entity should perform a quantitative assessment of the same.

Ind AS Accounting Standards

Effective Rate of Interest – EIR

What is SPPI test?

Are RBI circulars relevant for ECL computation as per Ind AS 109?

What is a Financial instrument?

Is there a choice to designate as FVTPL?

What are treasury shares and how are these presented

Contract to deal in non-financial item

Can a corporate entity still follow settlement date accounting?

What does Interest represent?

Gains and losses on assets measured at FVOCI

Separately accounting for an embedded derivative

Derecognition of a financial asset

Foreign currency risk in a firm commitment as a fair value hedge

Treatment of transaction costs

Derecognise financial assets/financial liabilities retrospectively

Modification of contractual cash flows

Own use exemption as per the Accounting Standard

Difference between amortised cost & held-to-maturity

Accounting treatment for FVOCI Instruments

What is the concept of effective interest method?

What is a hybrid contract?

First-time adoption while classifying a financial instrument

SPPI test & business model objective test

Current standards for financial instruments as per AS?

Effective interest Rate

Contract is settled through the entity’s own equity instrument

Financial asset categorised as FVOCI

What is an embedded derivative?

Impairment model for different categories of financial assets

Ind ASs relating to financial instruments

FVOCI (equity instruments) and FVOCI (debt instruments)

Classification of derivative instruments

Contract meant for own use

Reclassification of a financial asset

Debt instrument measured at FVOCI

Change in contractual cash flows

Loss allowance as per Ind AS 109

Ind AS for financial instruments replica of IFRS?

Contractual cash flows & effective interest rate

Long-term financial liability classified as FVTPL

Credit adjusted effective interest rate

Effective rate of interest during the first-time adoption

Consequence of not de-recognising an asset after the sale

Designation of contracts deal a non-financial item on first time adoption

Recognition of financial instruments on first-time adoption

Gains and losses on a financial instrument

Gains and losses from liabilities designated as FVTPL

Measurement categories for financial assets